Chapter 14. (part)
Time and Self-organization
It's not so much that
there's something strange about time, the thing that's strange is
what's going on inside time. We will first understand how simple the
universe is when we recognize how strange time is.
The word "time" covers a dozen different meanings or, more correctly,
different categories of relationship. We distinguish between
mathematical time, sidereal time, solar time, local time, physical
physiological time, psychological time. In a similar manner as local
time differs from one place to another, psychological time differs from
an individual to another. An hour in the life of a child is an
infinitely longer time measure than in the life of an aged person,
because the life-rhythm of a child goes at a much faster pace than the
rhythm of an adult.
Time that we observe in nature has no autonomous existence - it is a
mode of being of a concrete object. The dependence of time on the
individual perceptions and on the nature of any concrete object
characterizes it as a dynamic category that escapes precise definition.
The concept of mathematical time has been created to build the edifice
of science; this concept maps time to a straight line, each successive
instant being represented with a point.
14.1 Self-reflexivity of Time
Mathematical time has been used as a basis for spreading the
commonsensical idea of time: life undergoes movement in a single linear
direction that never goes back and time is considered as a
characteristic of this movement. If we move with a constant speed, time
is expressed through the distance we passed divided by the speed. Of
course, it only looks so simple. In order to explain what “constant
speed” is, we need the category of time. The commonsensical definition
of time is self-reflexive: time is defined through itself. Using earth
rotation, people have created a time-measuring unit. Again this
is self-reflexive, as the category of time has been already applied
characterising the earth rotation.
You are welcomed to read the rest of
the chapter in the book. Please, be so kind to tell us your e-mail,
and we'll inform you immediately after the book is published. Thank